Iran is a country with glorious architectural buildings which some of them are adobe buildings. Adobe is one of the materials which were used in ancient times for constructing. It is a combination of soil mixed with water and an organic material such as straw or dung. The soil composition typically contains sand, silt and clay. They are formed in a template and then dried by sun, after that this bricks are baked in a furnace. Not only in Iran but in all over the world adobes were one of the primary materials for construction, therefore in Iran and other places we can find some of these structures very old and precious.
Here in this article Tlocals wants to introduce you some of the most famous clay buildings in Iran:
*Chogha Zanbil * In southwest of Iran; in Khuzestan Province (Shush County) there is the Ziggurat of Chogha Zanbil. Ziggurat is a kind of structure includes several floors which by raising altitude the area will be smaller. Chogha Zanbil which is the name of this building is a combination of Chogha which in lorish it means hill and Zanbil which means basket and it refers to the shape of this building which is like an upside down basket. This temple was built to worship Kutik-Inshushinak the Protector of Shush city by the order of Untash-Napirisha. This building is one of the attractions of Khuzestan Province. It is mentionable that on 1979 this structure was recorded in UNESCO as an ancient heritage.
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The greatest adobe building in the world is Arg-e-bam which is located in Bam in Kerman Province. There is not any reliable evidence of the antiquity of this structure but it seems that it is for the area of Achaemenid and Bahman the king. The area is about 6 hectares, and the layers which were made during years improve the antiquity of this structure. The architecture of this building includes a fortress where in the center there is a citadel. Unfortunately in 2003 the earthquake of Bam destroys 80 percent of this structure and nowadays there is almost nothing left of this glorious structure. [image: image.png] [image: image.png] [image: image.png] [image: image.png]
Soltaniye is located in Zanjan Province in Azarbaijan, northwestern Iran. This adobe building is a highlight architectural building from Ilkhani era. This is the world’s greatest adobe dome and the first double glazed dome which nothing older was found. In this structure for the first time the art of tiling was performed, the building itself is made by clay but there is a cover of Turquoise in some parts. Soltaniye is about 52 meters height from ground to the top of its dome and it is covered with plasters all over it. Some may say that this is a similar building to Florence Cathedral in Italy.
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